Current Research Projects

Organized violence, new migration patterns, and development: A comparative study in Europe and the Americas

Understanding international migration and especially forced migration is of increasing importance in science and for societies at both national and global scales. While the nexus between migration and development has been studied extensively since the 1990s, organized violence emerged in the last two decades as another key factor interacting with forced migration. Organized violence is assumed to be a fuelling factor for mixed migration processes (e.g. organized criminal violence in Central America or civil wars in Middle East), but the current research reveals a gap of data concerning this nexus. This research project will compare and contrast forms of forced migration in its interrelation with organized violence by analysing biographies and trajectories. To do so, it will take into account local, national and global dimensions and analyse different levels of power relations that are both a cause for and a result of the forced migration-organized-violence-nexus. The project follows a transnational focus and comparison between the two transit countries Turkey and Mexico in order to:

  • Analyse experiences and perceptions of forced migration and organized violence represented and reconstructed in actors’ migration trajectories and biographies.
  • Produce original and primary data on the interrelation of organized violence and forced migration by implementing quantitative surveys, ethnographic fieldwork, narrative and semi-structured qualitative interviews, and document analysis.
  • Establish a transnational research network of prestigious academic institutions working on the topic in a comparative perspective by organizing a series of international workshops, and document and disseminate the scientific research results.

The project will gather data at a micro (individuals and groups) and meso (organizations and local state actors) levels applying techniques of standardized longitudinal survey, ethnographic visits to immigrant shelters and organizations, narrative biographical interviews with migrants, semi-structured expert interviews with representatives of organizations and politicians and document gathering as well as analysis of governance regimes. There will be cooperation with partner institutions in countries of origin, transit and destination.

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Contact persons: Prof. Dr. Ludger Pries | Prof. Dr. Stephanie Schütze

Project Page: Migration-Violence.org

GO-Net | Emscher Cooperative

The recent discussions about limit exceedings of nitrogen dioxide on German roads and about driving bans on diesel vehicles have shown, that with regard to spatial mobility it is time to break new ground. In Germany’s greatest agglomeration area, the Ruhr area, integrated mobility concepts combining old and new opportunities of movement are missing. Meanwhile, many promising initiatives have risen.

In this regard two chairs, the Faculty of Social Sciences and the Faculty of Economics are cooperating in a pilot project with the Emschercooperative, which finances the project. The project contributes constructively and scientifically substantiated to the design of new mobility concepts. Already gained experiences, user expectations and possible approaches are collected in the spirit of a sustainable and organised integrated mobility.

Three objects are being focused on:

  • By a survey of the Ruhr-University’s students and employees, current mobility practices and future mobility expectations are questioned to get indications for future planning, especially regarding the mobility between the main campus and the new location Mark 51/7.
  • In close collaboration with the Emschercooperative, possible solutions for internal traffic and its possible technical and organizational further development with regard to the employees’ mobility in the private-professional area, as well as with regard to the Emschercooperative’s vehicle fleet are determined.
  • By systematic research and the treatment of national and international experiences in the development of integrated mobility systems, with special consideration of a cooperative participation model for the use of transport services and data, suggestions for the Ruhr Area are gained.

Contact persons: Prof. Dr. Ludger Pries | Prof Dr. Michael Roos

Project mail: umfrage-mobilitaet[at]sowi.rub.de

Migrational Research and Transnationalization of Socialization

Aim: In the topic area of "Migrational Research and Transnationalization of Socialization" continuously theoretical and conceptual scientific works as well as secondary source-Analyses and professional empirical surveys are conducted by limited equity capital. The aim of this research is to find better solutions when it comes to processes of internationalization and incorporative dynamics within the context of different social groups and ambiguous socio-spatial mobilities. Sections of this reasearch are:

  • Transnationalism and transnational migrant organizations

  • Citizenship and the integration of migrants in Germany

  • Memories on migration in Europe and European labor-migration-politics

Contact person: Prof. Dr. Ludger Pries